Due to its characteristics and qualities, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi demonstrated the desired traits of a Watch dog and Farm Dog and is fondly known by its nick name the "Queen's Dog". The origin of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog breed was in United Kingdom (Wales) where it was developed in the early Middle Ages.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Breed Group and Dog Type - Herding Dog Group (AKC:1934): The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is one of the many breeds of dogs that belong to the Herding Dog Group (AKC:1934).
Other names for the Pembroke Welsh Corgi: The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is known by the nickname of the "Queen's Dog". Other names for this breed of dog include the Corgi and the Welsh Corgi.
Origin of the name Pembroke Welsh Corgi: The Welsh word 'Corgi' literally means 'dwarf-dog and is derived from the Welsh word 'cor' meaning "dwarf" and 'gi' meaning "dog". The name 'Pembroke' derives from its place of origin in Pembrokeshire, a county in the south west of Wales.
Differences between the Welsh Corgis: There are two types of Welsh Corgi - The Cardigan and the Pembroke. The differences between the two varieties of Corgis are attributed to their different ancestry, the Cardigan corgis descend from the Norse dogs of the Vikings (Norwegian Lundehund) whereas the Pembroke corgis descend from Flemish and German dogs (Dachshund).
The smaller Pembroke Welsh Corgi is the more common of the two breeds, has a lighter build, shorter body, slightly smaller ears and more refined features. Some Pembroke Corgis do not have a tail.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi History and Origin: The country of origin of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed was in Wales during the 1100's. The ancestors of the breed are believed to be the Dachshund that was originally developed in Germany to hunt badgers. The Dachshund breed quickly spread to the adjoining country of Belgium and was used by the Flemish people who lived there. During the 1100's a massive number of Flemish people were granted asylum by King Henry I (1068 - 1135) and King Henry II (1133 - 1189) and occupied productive farming land in Pembrokeshire.
The influx of Flemings into south Pembrokeshire was so great that the Welsh language was eradicated in this area. The Flemish immigrants brought their alert, agile, low-slung dogs with them and used them as cattle herders and guard dogs. These dogs were the forbears of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi developed strong herding instincts and were known as "heelers" referring to the dog's tendency to drive cattle by nipping at their heels.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi successfully worked with farmers and drovers, driving cattle, geese and ponies to market.
The Pembroke Welsh Corgi was probably interbred with the Spitz-type dogs such as the Swedish Spitz (Vallhund) and the Norwegian Lundehund that had been brought to Wales by the Vikings (these dogs were the ancestors of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi). The Nordic connection possibly explains the affinity that many Corgis have for the water and why the Pembroke Welsh Corgi were used to work on rock faces to hunt and retrieve birds.
During the 1800's dog breeders worked hard to retain the appearance of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and ensured that the breed was standardized through careful selective breeding. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi found his way into small agricultural shows in Wales during the same period, but the Cardigans and Pembrokes were shown together. The Cardigans and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi were not finally declared to be separate breeds by the English Kennel Club until 1934 and the American Kennel Club (AKC) followed suit in the same year, officially recognizing the Pembroke Welsh Corgi as a separate breed.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi History - The Fairy Legend: According to Welsh legend, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi were a gift from fairies and elves. The myth relates to a notable feature of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi called a "fairy saddle". The "fairy saddle" is an area over the shoulders of the dog where the fur grows in a different thickness and direction from the rest of the coat. Parents told their children that fairies used the Pembroke Welsh Corgi as their steeds, riding on the shoulders of the dogs that became marked by their "fairy saddles".
Pembroke Welsh Corgi History - The Queen's Dogs: The British royal family is well known for its love of Welsh Corgis. King George VI, the father of Queen Elizabeth II, acquired the first royal corgi, named 'Rozavel Golden Eagle' (but called "Dookie"), in 1933 and Queen Elizabeth II owned and bred Pembroke Welsh Corgis since she was 18 years old. The royal Pembroke Welsh Corgis featured with the Queen at the opening ceremony of the 2012 London Olympics during the 'James Bond movie' spoof. In the sequence James Bond (portrayed by Daniel Craig) arrived at Buckingham Palace to escort the Queen, followed by her corgis, to the event.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Height: The Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed is classified as a small sized dog. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is 10-12 inches (25-30 cm). The height to the shoulder of a female dog is 10-12 inches (25-30 cm).
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Weight: The weight of the small sized Pembroke Welsh Corgi, is 24-31 pounds (10-14 kg) in a male dog. The weight of the smaller female dog is 24-28 pounds (11-13 kg).
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Coat Type - LOW shedding coat: The coat type is described as medium, soft coat.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Coat Colors: The colors of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog breed consist of assorted colors consisting of Red, Fawn, Blue, Sable, Black & Tan and Black & White. N.B. The term "Red" refers to reddish shades of orange, brown, and tan colors. The word 'Blue' is used to describe a cool-toned, metallic gray color.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Grooming - LOW Grooming Needs: The dog grooming needs of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi are categorized as Low in order to maintain a healthy coat and reduce the risk of skin infections. The limited dog grooming needs of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi are therefore considered to be low maintenance, requiring limited attention to grooming with casual brushing and combing. Dog Grooming needs should also include bathing the dog on a monthly basis and making regular inspections of the eyes, ears, nails and teeth.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Litter Size: The litter size of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog breed ranges from 6-7 puppies. Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppies for sale can be obtained reputable breeders and from rescue centers. The cost of Pembroke Welsh Corgi puppies varies depending on location, pedigree history and the dog breeder.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Temperament and personality: The temperament and personality of the popular Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog breed is described as Alert, Lively, Out-Going, Affectionate and Happy-go-lucky.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Exercise Requirements - LOW Exercise Requirements: The exercise requirements of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed of dog is low. The Pembroke Welsh Corgi requires regular daily exercise consisting of approximately 30 minutes to one hour every day. This small dog has a smooth, fluid gait with small strides and only requires a fairly slow speed by the owner to meet the dogs exercise requirements. Remember that it would take a lot of extra steps by your dog to keep up with your normal walking pace.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Diet: A fully grown Pembroke Welsh Corgi should be fed twice a day. A diet consisting of a premium dog food can be balanced with fresh food eaten by the family. The question is What Can Dogs Eat?. Check out our comprehensive list of what dogs can and what dogs cannot eat.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Health Problems: Potential health problems of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed include Spine problems, Epilepsy, Eye disease . Resolving health problems can prove to be expensive and it is always wise to obtain pet insurance or dog health insurance when buying a dog. Is the Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog breed said to be Hypoallergenic? Answer: No.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Lifespan: The life expectancy of dogs vary according to the size, breed of dog and any serious health problems. The typical lifespan of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed is 12-14 years.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Male Dog Names: Male Dog names are most often chosen to reflect favorite names of the owner or the strength, size, coloring and country of origin of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi breed. To give you some inspiration regarding good male Pembroke Welsh Corgi names our small selection might be of help with naming boy dogs. Out top male dog names are: Cadog *** Deri *** Arfon *** Garth *** Idris *** Lewys *** Dylan *** Bedo *** Kyffin *** Jack.
Pembroke Welsh Corgi Female Dog Names: Female Dog names tend to be softer, prettier and reflect the temperament of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi girl dog. Our top choice of good female Pembroke Welsh Corgi names are Alis *** Nesta *** Leri *** Hafi *** Beti *** Mona *** Ceri *** Blodwyn *** Efa *** Gwen.