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Pomeranian Characteristics: The fun-loving and outgoing Pomeranian is a breed of small dog classified as a member of the Toy Dog Group (AKC:1888).

The Pomeranian, is characterized by its irresistible, elegant appearance with an alert, foxy expression. It has a distinctive spitz-type profuse coat with a richly plumed  tail that curls up and over its back.

Other characteristics include dark, medium sized, almond-shaped, slanting eyes; small, erect pointed ears and a smooth, vigorous gait. The temperament of the Pomeranian can be described as Active, Sociable, Playful. The coat type of the Pomeranian is described as thick, harsh double coat in assorted colors. 

Due to its characteristics and qualities, the Pomeranian demonstrated the desired traits of a Companion and Lapdog and is known by its nick name the "Puffball". The origin of the Pomeranian dog breed was in Germany where it was developed in the 1800's.

Pomeranian Breed Group and Dog Type - Toy Dog Group (AKC:1888): The Pomeranian is one of the many breeds of dogs that belong to the Toy Dog Group (AKC:1888).

Other names for the Pomeranian: The Pomeranian is known by the nickname of the "Puffball" due to its luxurious “puffball” coat. Other names for this breed of dog include the Pom, Zwergspitz or Spitz nain (meaning Dwarf Spitz) and Pompom.

Origin of the name: The origin of the name "Pomeranian" derives from the region of Pomerania (now in northeast Germany and northern Poland), where the ancestors of the breed were bred as sheepdogs.

Pomeranian History and Origin: The country of origin of the Pomeranian breed was in Germany during the 1800's. The original dogs from Pomerania were much larger than the modern little Pomeranian dogs. They were descended from the ancient Spitz type dogs and the Pomeranian retained the distinctive features of the spitz dogs including its wolf-like appearance, pointed ears, thick, dense coat and a high carried tail that curled up and over the dog's back.

The early Spitz-like dogs were imported into the UK from the 1800's and reached the US in the latter part of the century.

One of the earliest descriptions of the Pomeranian was in the book "House Dogs and Sporting Dogs", published in 1861 by John Meyrick, who described the breed as "a recent importation into this country, though he has always been well known in Germany". John Merrick went on to state that the Pomeranian "seems to be a very hardy and prolific breed...It is for this reason that a Pomeranian fetches no price in the dog-fancying market". During the late 1800's the Pomeranian was selectively bred down to "toy" size, partly due to the enthusiasm of Queen Victoria and the Victorians for smaller dogs. The Pomeranian was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1888.

Pomeranian Modern History: The modern history of the Pomeranian moved on and the unusually fast breed is now enjoyed as a family pet and companion.

Pomeranian Height: The Pomeranian breed is classified as a small sized dog. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is 7-12 inches (18-30 cm). The height to the shoulder of a female dog is slightly less.

Pomeranian Weight: The weight of this small sized dog, in a male dog is 3-7 pounds (1-3 kg). The weight of the smaller female dog is slightly less than the male.

Pomeranian Coat Type - LOW shedding coat: The coat type is described as thick, harsh double coat.

Pomeranian Coat Colors: The colors of this dog breed consist of assorted colors consisting of Black, White, Brown, Tan, Orange and Gray-shaded.

Pomeranian Grooming - MODERATE Grooming Needs: The dog grooming needs of the Pomeranian is not extensive and therefore categorized as Moderate in order to maintain a healthy coat, reducing the risk of skin infections. The modest grooming needs of the Pomeranian is considered to be mid-maintenance requiring weekly brushing and combing. Dog Grooming Requirements should include bathing the dog on a monthly basis and making regular inspections of the teeth, eyes, nails and ears.

Pomeranian Litter Size: The litter size of this dog breed ranges from 2-5 puppies. Pomeranian puppies for sale can be obtained reputable breeders and from rescue centers. The cost of Pomeranian puppies varies depending on location, pedigree history and the dog breeder.

Pomeranian Temperament and personality: The temperament and personality of this popular dog breed is described as Fun-loving, Active, Sociable, Playful and Outgoing.

Pomeranian Exercise Requirements - LOW Exercise Requirements: The exercise requirements of this breed of dog is low. The Pomeranian requires daily exercise consisting of approximately 30 minutes every day. This small dog has a smooth, vigorous gait with small strides and only requires a fairly slow speed by the owner to meet the dogs exercise requirements. Remember that it would take a lot of extra steps by your dog to keep up with your normal walking pace.

Pomeranian Diet: A fully grown Pomeranian should be fed twice a day. A diet consisting of a premium dog food can be balanced with fresh food eaten by the family. The question is What Can Dogs Eat?. Check out our comprehensive list of what dogs can and what dogs cannot eat.

Pomeranian Health Problems: Potential health problems of the Pomeranian breed include Teeth Problems, Patellar Luxation, Entropion. Resolving health problems can prove to be expensive and it is always wise to obtain pet insurance or dog health insurance when buying a dog. Is the Pomeranian dog breed said to be Hypoallergenic? Answer: No.

Pomeranian Lifespan: The life expectancy of dogs vary according to the size, breed of dog and any serious health problems. The typical lifespan of the Pomeranian breed is 12-15 years.

Pomeranian Male Dog Names: Male Dog names are most often chosen to reflect favorite names of the owner or the strength, size, coloring and country of origin of the Pomeranian breed. To give you some inspiration regarding good male Pomeranian names our small selection might be of help with naming boy dogs. Out top male dog names are: Bergen *** Claus *** Jack *** Felix *** Tolla *** Max *** Scout *** Manfred *** Heinrich *** Varick.

Pomeranian Female Dog Names: Female Dog names tend to be softer, prettier and reflect the temperament of the girl dog. Our top choice of good female Pomeranian names are Elsa *** Cutie *** Berta *** Lovedy *** Helga *** Sweetie *** Kishi *** Presh *** Maddy *** Bella *** Cinders *** Empress.

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