Due to its characteristics and qualities, the Newfoundland Dog demonstrated the desired traits of a Watch dog, Hunting & Herding Dog and is known by its nick name the "Newfie". The origin of the Newfoundland Dog breed was in Canada - Coast of Newfoundland where it was developed in the 1600's.
Newfoundland Dog Breed Group and Dog Type - Working Dog Group (AKC:1886): The Newfoundland Dog is one of the many breeds of dogs that belong to the Working Dog Group (AKC:1886).
Other names for the Newfoundland Dog: The Newfoundland Dog is known by the nickname of the "Newfie". Other names for this breed of dog include the Newf and the Landseer Dog.
Origin of the name: The origin of the name "Newfoundland Dog" derives from its place of origin in Newfoundland, a large Atlantic island in Eastern Canada.
Newfoundland Dog History and Origin: The Newfoundland Dog breed was developed during the 1600's, primarily to aid fisherman hunting fish. The famous explorer John Cabot (c.1450 - 1498) discovered the new, rich fishing grounds of Newfoundland.
Reports of his voyages described massive shoals of cod that were so thick it was only just possible to row a boat through them.
European fisherman travelled to the new fishing grounds, many taking their dogs with them. In 1662, the Great Pyrenees Dog was taken to Newfoundland by Basque fishermen where they were cross bred with the black curly coated retriever, favorite of the English fishers, resulting in the Landseer (black and white) Newfoundland dog. The new Newfoundland breed had a thick, double waterproof coat enabling the dogs to withstand very low temperatures. The Newfoundland breed also had webbed feet that made them excellent swimmers.
The endurance levels of the Newfoundland very high so the powerful dogs had the ability to swim for long periods of time in strong currents. The intelligent Newfoundland became an expert in retrieving fish from the nets, lines and ropes of the fishermen. The strong, powerful Newfoundland was also used for hauling fish carts, a convenient and inexpensive alternative to the horse. The Newfoundland was successfully exported to Europe and the United States.
A famous Newfoundland dog called "Seaman" accompanied the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804 - 1806) in their exploration of the US lands obtained in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase and the Pacific Northwest. One of the earliest English descriptions of the Newfoundland Dog was in the book "House Dogs and Sporting Dogs", published in 1861 by the Englishman John Meyrick, who described the breed by saying that "his faculty for learning to fetch and carry is very strong - many of these dogs take it from heredity instinct". Merrick stated that the Newfoundland was highly valued as "an excellent water dog, swimming fast and strongly".
Newfoundland Dog History - The Greater Newfoundland and the St. John's dog: By the 1880's two types of working dogs were used by fishermen in the rich fishing lands; the Greater Newfoundland and the St. John's water dog (also known as lesser Newfoundland dog). The heavier, resilient Greater Newfoundland survived as a breed but the St. John's water dog became extinct. However the St. John's water dog left a wonderful legacy as it was the ancestor of the Labrador Retriever.
Newfoundland Dog History: The Newfoundland was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1886. The courage and lifesaving exploits of a Newfoundland dog were exhibited by "Gander", who was posthumously awarded the Dicken Medal for his feats during the Battle of Hong Kong (8–25 December 1941) during World War II (1939 - 1945). The restriction imposed during wartime led to the decline in the numbers of Newfoundlands but the breed increased in popularity during the 1950's and the calm, placid Newfoundland was welcomed into homes as a much loved family pet and companion.
Newfoundland History - "Nana" and Peter Pan: A calm, placid Newfoundland called "Nana" was chosen by Mr. and Mrs. Darling as a nursemaid and protector of their children, Wendy, John and Michael in the book 'Peter Pan' or or 'The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up' by J. M. Barrie (9 May 1860 – 19 June 1937).
Newfoundland Height: The Newfoundland breed is classified as a large to giant sized dog. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is 27-29 inches (69-74 cm). The height to the shoulder of a female dog is 25-27 inches (63-69 cm).
Newfoundland Weight: Not surprisingly for a large to giant sized dog, the weight of a male dog is 130-150 pounds (59-68 kg). The weight of the smaller female dog is 100-120 pounds (45-54 kg).
Newfoundland Dog Coat Type: The coat type is described as heavy, thick, coarse, double, water-resistant coat. Its shaggy coat naturally sheds large amounts of fur during seasonal temperature changes.
Newfoundland Coat Colors: The colors of this breed consist of assorted colors consisting of Black, Gray, Brown and Black & White.
Newfoundland Dog Grooming - HIGH Grooming Needs: The grooming needs of the Newfoundland are categorized as high in order to maintain a healthy coat and reduce the risk of skin infections. The high grooming needs of the Newfoundland is considered to be high-maintenance and requires almost daily brushing and combing. Grooming Requirements should include bathing the Newfoundland on a monthly basis and making regular inspections of the nails, teeth, eyes and ears.
Newfoundland Litter Size: The litter size of this breed ranges from 4-12 puppies. Newfoundland puppies for sale can be obtained reputable breeders and from rescue centers. The cost of Newfoundland puppies varies depending on location, pedigree history and the dog breeder.
Newfoundland Dog Temperament and personality: The temperament and personality of the Newfoundland popular breed is described as Faithful, Courageous, Loyal, Sociable and Noble.
Newfoundland Dog Exercise Requirements - HIGH Exercise Requirements: The exercise requirements of this breed of dog is high. The Newfoundland requires regular daily exercise consisting of approximately one to two hours each day. This large, powerful dog has a firm, strong, balanced gait with strides of a moderate length and requires a brisk walking speed or jogging by the owner to meet the dogs exercise requirements.
Newfoundland Dog Diet: A fully grown Newfoundland should be fed twice a day. A diet consisting of a premium dog food can be balanced with fresh food eaten by the family. The question is What Can Dogs Eat?. Check out our comprehensive list of what dogs can and what dogs cannot eat.
Newfoundland Dog Health Problems: Potential health problems of the Newfoundland breed include Elbow Dysplasia, Gastric Torsion, Epilepsy . Resolving health problems can prove to be expensive and it is always wise to obtain pet insurance or dog health insurance when buying a dog. Is the Newfoundland Dog breed said to be Hypoallergenic? Answer: No.
Newfoundland Lifespan: The life expectancy of dogs vary according to the size, breed of dog and any serious health problems. The typical lifespan of the Newfoundland breed is 9-12 years.
Newfoundland Male Dog Names: Male Dog names are most often chosen to reflect favorite names of the owner or the strength, size, coloring and country of origin of the Newfoundland Dog breed. To give you some inspiration regarding good male Newfoundland names our small selection might be of help with naming boy dogs. Out top male dog names are: Jaxon *** Seth *** Hunter *** Ryder *** Carter *** Logan *** Lukas *** Erik *** Kai *** Sebastian.
Newfoundland Female Dog Names: Female Dog names tend to be softer, prettier and reflect the temperament of the girl dogs. Our top choice of good female Newfoundland Dog names are Ella *** Zoey *** Brianna *** Hanna *** Mia *** Keira *** Bree *** Kitty *** Lexie *** Charlie.