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Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier Characteristics: The brave and agile Jack Russell Terrier is a breed of small dog classified as a member of the Terrier Dog Group (AKC:2012).

The Jack Russell Terrier, is characterized by its agile, sturdy appearance with powerful, muscular jaws and fearless expression. Other characteristics include dark, medium sized, almond shaped eyes; small, V-shaped button or drop ears; a small, high set tail and a jaunty gait.

The temperament of the Jack Russell Terrier can be described as Courageous, Alert, Independent. The coat type of the Jack Russell Terrier is described as smooth, rough coat in black & tan, black, white colors. 

Due to its characteristics and qualities, the Jack Russell Terrier demonstrated the desired traits of a Watch dog and Hunting Dog and is known by its nick name the "Scamp". The origin of the Jack Russell Terrier dog breed was in United Kingdom where it was developed in the late 1800's.

Jack Russell Terrier Breed Group and Dog Type - Terrier Dog Group (AKC:2012): The Jack Russell Terrier is one of the many breeds of dogs that belong to the Terrier Dog Group (AKC:2012).

Other names for the Jack Russell Terrier: The Jack Russell Terrier is known by the nickname of the "Scamp". Other names for this breed of dog include the Russell Terrier, Rebel Terrier, JRT and, simply, Jack. The origin of the word 'terrier' is derived from the Latin word 'terra' meaning "earth" as so many of the terrier breeds were originally bred and trained as hunting dogs to pursue their prey, such as rats, foxes, squirrels and badgers into their burrows and bolt holes.

Origin of the name: The name 'Jack Russell' derives the name of a dog breeder called John "Jack" Russell.

Jack Russell Terrier History and Origin: The country of origin of the Jack Russell Terrier breed was in United Kingdom during the late 1800's. The name 'Jack Russell' derives from a fox-hunter and dog breeder called John "Jack" Russell (1795 - 1883) who began to breed terrier dogs for sport in the first half of the 1800's. Rev. John "Jack" Russell was the vicar of St James Church in Swimbridge in North Devon and a founding member of England's Kennel Club.

The 'Parson Russell terrier', a longer legged dog, also takes its name from the Rev. Russell and is recognized as a separate breed.

According to legend his fascination of terriers began in 1815 when the young Russell bought a fox terrier called "Trump" from a milkman who had her tied by a string to his milk cart. By 1830 John "Jack" Russell had established an intensive breeding program. His goal was to breed terriers that would meet every need of the British sportsmen and hunters.

The famous picture of "Trump" by the artist William De Morgan (1839 - 1917) was painted more than 40 years after the dog had died. Russell commissioned the painting because of Trump's significance in his life and stated that it was “a good likeness”.

Following Russell's death in 1883, his favorite oil painting of Trump was bequeathed to his friend the Prince of Wales, who became King Edward VII (1841 - 1910. The portrait of Trump was hung in the tack room at Sandringham,  the country retreat of the British royal family, where it still remains.

The village of Swimbridge in North Devon has a pub called the Jack Russell Inn, and its sign is a reproduction of a painting of Trump. Despite its illustrious background the Jack Russell Terrier, and its ratting ability, was known to be used in the blood sport called Rat-baiting (refer to the history of the Rat Terrier).

Jack Russell Terrier History - Nipper and the HMV Logo: The most famous Jack Russell was a dog called "Nipper" who was painted by his owner Mark Henry Barraud in 1899. The painting was of Nipper listening intently to a gramophone to His Master’s Voice. The  painting was adapted for use in the logo for HMV (His Master's Voice) and was recognised by millions of music lovers. Another famous Jack Russell Terrier was 'Bothie' who was owned by English explorer Sir Ranulph Fiennes. His dog Bothie is the only dog to have left pawprints at both the North and South Poles.

Jack Russell Terrier Modern History: The modern history of the Jack Russell Terrier moved on and the breed is now used as a much loved family pet and companion.

Jack Russell Terrier - My Dog Skip (2000 movie) : The famous 2000 family movie 'My Dog Skip' features two Jack Russell Terriers (a dog called "Enzo" played the role and his sire "Moose" portrayed Old Skip.  is befriended by Marty Preston (played actor Blake Heron). This heart warming Warner Bros. Family Entertainment film featuring the Beagle proved to be a great favorite with both kids and adults.

Jack Russell Terrier Height: The Jack Russell breed is classified as a small sized dog. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is 8 - 15 inches (20 - 38 cm). The height to the shoulder of a female dog is slightly less.

Jack Russell Terrier Weight: The weight of this small sized dog, in a male dog is 11 - 18 pounds (5 - 8 kg). The weight of the smaller female dog is slightly less than the male.

Jack Russell Terrier Coat Type - LOW shedding coat: The coat type is described as a smooth, rough coat.

Jack Russell Terrier Coat Colors: The colors of this dog breed include black & tan, black, white colors.

Jack Russell Terrier Grooming - LOW Grooming Needs: The grooming needs of the Jack Russell Terrier are categorized as Low in order to maintain a healthy, tangle-free coat and reduce the risk of skin infections. The limited grooming needs of the Jack Russell Terrier are considered to be low maintenance, requiring limited attention to grooming where brushing and combing, is concerned. Grooming Requirements should include bathing the dog on a monthly basis and making regular inspections of the nails, teeth, eyes and ears.

Jack Russell Terrier Litter Size: The litter size of this dog breed ranges from 4-8 puppies. Jack Russell Terrier puppies for sale can be obtained reputable breeders and from rescue centers. The cost of Jack Russell Terrier puppies varies depending on location, pedigree history and the dog breeder.

Jack Russell Terrier Temperament and personality: The temperament and personality of this popular dog breed is described as Brave, Courageous, Alert, Independent and Agile.

Jack Russell Terrier Exercise Requirements - LOW Exercise Requirements: The exercise requirements of this breed of dog is low. The Jack Russell Terrier requires regular daily exercise consisting of approximately 30 minutes to one hour every day. This small dog has a jaunty, lively gait with small strides and only requires a fairly slow speed by the owner to meet the dogs exercise requirements. Remember that it would take a lot of extra steps by your dog to keep up with your normal walking pace.

Jack Russell Terrier Diet: A fully grown Jack Russell should be fed twice a day. A diet consisting of a premium dog food can be balanced with fresh food eaten by the family. The question is What Can Dogs Eat?. Check out our comprehensive list of what dogs can and what dogs cannot eat.

Jack Russell Terrier Health Problems: Potential health problems of the Jack Russell Terrier breed include Eye Problems, Patellar Luxation . Resolving health problems can prove to be expensive and it is always wise to obtain pet insurance or dog health insurance when buying a dog. Is the Jack Russell Terrier dog breed said to be Hypoallergenic? Answer: No.

Jack Russell Terrier Lifespan: The life expectancy of dogs vary according to the size, breed of dog and any serious health problems. The typical lifespan of the Jack Russell Terrier breed is 13-16 years.

Jack Russell Terrier Male Dog Names: Male Jack Russell Terrier Dog names are most often chosen to reflect favorite names of the owner or the strength, size, coloring and country of origin of the Jack Russell Terrier breed. To give you some inspiration regarding good male Jack Russell Terrier names our small selection might be of help with naming boy dogs. Out top male dog names are: Aden *** Destin *** Rhett *** Jaylon *** Devan *** Nolan *** Joey *** Paxton *** Ralph *** Seth *** Ross.

Jack Russell Terrier Female Dog Names: Female Dog names tend to be softer, prettier and reflect the temperament of the Jack Russell Terrier girl dog. Our top choice of good female Jack Russell Terrier names are Danna *** Abril *** Miah *** Taryn *** Zaria *** Shayla *** Cristal *** Nia *** Piper *** Reyna *** Tyra.

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