The origin of the Bullmastiff dog breed was in United Kingdom where it was developed in the 1860's. There are Limitations of ownership of the Bullmastiff in some USA States.
Bullmastiff Breed Group and Dog Type - Working Dog Group (AKC:1934): The Bullmastiff is one of the many breeds of dogs that belong to the Working Dog Group (AKC:1934).
Other names for the Bullmastiff: The Bullmastiff is known by the nickname of the "Poachers Beware". Other names for this breed of dog include the Gamekeeper's Night-Dog and English Bullmastiff.
Origin of the name: The origin of the name "Bullmastiff" reflects the breeds ancestry - it was 40% English Bulldog and 60% English Mastiff. The word "Mastiff" derives from the Old French word 'mastin' meaning "great cur". The word 'cur' was used to describe vicious dogs and derives from the Old Norse word 'kurra' meaning "to growl".
Bullmastiff History and Origin: The country of origin of the Bullmastiff breed was in United Kingdom during the 1860's. The Bullmastiff is a cross between the Old English Mastiff and the English Bulldog. The Bullmastiff is often described as a Molosser type dog that shares a common ancestry with the large, powerful dogs of antiquity, including the now extinct Alaunt breed. For additional facts refer to the History of all the Mastiff breeds.
Bullmastiff History: The predecessors of the Bullmastiff were fighting dogs, used in various baiting exhibitions. The 1835 Cruelty to Animals Act 1835 prohibited the baiting of animals and many of the fighting breeds went into decline. Dog breeders developed the hybrid Bullmastiff to retain some of the characteristics and usefulness of the old breeds, whilst minimizing some of their undesirable traits.
The goal of the dog breeders was to produce a cross breed Gamekeeper's Dog that could track fugitives quickly over short distances and would catch thieves without mauling them. The Bullmastiff breed was developed as a Hunting Dog to hunt large game but it was also used as a guard dog to catch fugitives, intruders and poachers, hence its nicknames of "Poachers Beware" and the "Gamekeeper's Night-Dog".
Dog breeders developed the hybrid Bullmastiff to retain some of the characteristics and usefulness of the old breeds, whilst minimizing some of their undesirable traits. The goal of the dog breeders was to produce a cross breed Gamekeeper's Dog. Their breeding program resulted in the Bullmastiff. The Bullmastiff was bigger and not as ferocious as the Bulldog and was faster than an English Mastiff.
The new Bullmastiff breed could track fugitives quickly over short distances and would catch thieves without mauling them. The heavy, powerful Bullmastiff was trained to hold the poacher, or intruder, down on the ground until their owner arrived on the scene.
The Bullmastiff was inevitably used by in illegal blood sports but it was was far more docile than its predecessors and therefore unsuccessful as a pit dog. The main role of the Bullmastiff was always that of a hunting and guard dog. The Bullmastiff was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1934.
Bullmastiff Modern History: The modern history of the Bullmastiff moved on and the breed is now used as a watch dog and guard dog. N.B. The Bullmastiff can be dangerous and there are therefore Limitations of ownership of the Bullmastiff in some USA States.
Bullmastiff Height: The Bullmastiff breed is classified as a large sized dog. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is 25-27 inches (63-69 cm). The height to the shoulder of a female dog is 24-26 inches (61-66 cm).
Bullmastiff Weight: Not surprisingly for a large sized dog, the weight of a male dog is 110-133 pounds (50-60 kg). The weight of the smaller female dog is 100-120 pounds (45-55 kg).
Bullmastiff Coat Type: The coat type is described as a short, dense coat. Bullmastiffs have a Melanistic Mask (a dark coloration of the skin or hair typically on the muzzle and face of the dog) because of a high concentration of melanin.
Bullmastiff Coat Colors: The colors of this dog breed consist of assorted colors consisting of Red, Fawn and Brindle (a brownish or tawny color). The term "Red" refers to reddish shades of orange, brown, and tan colors.
Bullmastiff Grooming - MODERATE Grooming Needs: The dog grooming needs of the Bullmastiff is not extensive and therefore categorized as Moderate in order to maintain a healthy coat, reducing the risk of skin infections. The modest grooming needs of the Bullmastiff is considered to be mid-maintenance requiring weekly brushing and combing. Dog Grooming Requirements should include bathing the dog on a monthly basis and making regular inspections of the teeth, eyes, nails and ears.
Bullmastiff Litter Size: The litter size of this dog breed ranges from 4-13 puppies. Bullmastiff puppies for sale can be obtained reputable breeders and from rescue centers. The cost of Bullmastiff puppies varies depending on location, pedigree history and the dog breeder.
Bullmastiff Temperament and personality: The temperament and personality of this popular dog breed is described as Powerful, Protective, Courageous, Reliable and Dauntless.
Bullmastiff Exercise Requirements - HIGH Exercise Requirements: The exercise requirements of this breed of dog is high. The Bullmastiff requires regular daily exercise consisting of approximately one to two hours each day. This large, powerful dog has a firm, fluid, purposeful gait with strides of a moderate length and requires a brisk walking speed or jogging by the owner to meet the dogs exercise requirements.
Bullmastiff Diet: A fully grown Bullmastiff should be fed twice a day. A diet consisting of a premium dog food can be balanced with fresh food eaten by the family.
The question is What Can Dogs Eat?. Check out our comprehensive list of what dogs can and what dogs cannot eat.
Bullmastiff Health Problems: Potential health problems of the Bullmastiff breed include Hip and Elbow Dysplasia, Entropion, Gastric Torsion. Resolving health problems can prove to be expensive and it is always wise to obtain pet insurance or dog health insurance when buying a dog. Is the Bullmastiff dog breed said to be Hypoallergenic? Answer: No.
Bullmastiff Lifespan: The life expectancy of dogs vary according to the size, breed of dog and any serious health problems. The typical lifespan of the Bullmastiff breed is 8-10 years.
Bullmastiff Male Dog Names: Male Dog names are most often chosen to reflect favorite names of the owner or the strength, size, coloring and country of origin of the Bullmastiff breed. To give you some inspiration regarding good male Bullmastiff names our small selection might be of help with naming boy dogs. Out top male dog names are: Magnum *** Sergeant *** Boomer *** Brawler *** Lincoln *** Titan *** Moose *** Tracker *** Dragon *** Brawny *** Tank.
Bullmastiff Female Dog Names: Female Dog names tend to be softer, prettier and reflect the temperament of the girl dog. Our top choice of good female Bullmastiff names are Jada *** Emma *** Olympas *** Persis *** Phoebe *** Lydia *** Mara *** Sandy *** Roxy *** Kishi *** Zia.