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Bull Terrier

Bull Terrier

Bull Terrier Characteristics: The active and vigilant Bull Terrier is a breed of medium sized dog, classified as a member of the Terrier Dog Group (AKC:1885). The Bull Terrier, is characterized by its powerful, bull-like appearance with a long, strong, egg-shaped head and determined expression.

Other characteristics include black or dark brown, triangular-shaped, slanting eyes; small, close set erect ears; a well rounded, muscular body and a jaunty gait. The temperament of the Bull Terrier can be described as Protective, Courageous, Active. The coat type of the Bull Terrier is described as short, coarse coat in assorted colors.  Due to its characteristics and qualities, the Bull Terrier demonstrated the desired traits of a Watch dog, Fighter and Hunting Dog and is fondly known by its nick name the "Canine Gladiator". The origin of the Bull Terrier dog breed was in United Kingdom where it was developed in the 1700's.

Bull Terrier Breed Group and Dog Type - Terrier Dog Group (AKC:1885): The Bull Terrier is one of the many breeds of dogs that belong to the Terrier Dog Group (AKC:1885).

Other names for the Bull Terrier: The Bull Terrier is known by the nickname of the "Canine Gladiator". Other names for this breed of dog include the White Cavalier, English Bull Terrier and Standard Bull Terrier.

Origin of the name: The word 'Bull' is derived dog's larger ancestors who were used as  'bull baiters'. Any dogs with the word 'Bull' in its name were originally used, or descended from, dogs used in Bull baiting. The 'sport' of Bull baiting was a contest in which trained bulldogs attacked tethered bulls, a popular sporting event in England. (Bull baiting continued until it was eventually banned in 1835). 

The origin of the word 'terrier' is derived from the Latin word 'terra' meaning "earth" as so many of the terrier breeds were originally bred and trained as hunting dogs to pursue their prey, such as rats, foxes, squirrels and badgers into their burrows and bolt holes.

Bull Terrier History and Origin: The country of origin of the Bull Terrier breed was in United Kingdom during the 1700's. Not only was this dog bred to hunt small game they were also used to track poachers and fugitives and as fighting dogs. The original Bulldog had proven to be too slow for dog fighting and in order to obtain greater speed of movement many of the Bulldogs were crossed with terriers and it was these cross breed dogs became known as Bull Terriers.

The Bull Terrier was well known to be used in the blood sport called Rat-baiting (refer to the history of the Rat Terrier). But its story began when a dog dealer called James Hinks (1829-1878) bred white dogs (without the distinctive "egg-shaped" head, that he named the Bull Terrier. The dog was referred to as the "White Cavalier" as James Hinks had developed his breed as a protector rather than an antagonist.

The Hink's dog became popular and other breeders began producing new strains by crossbreeding the Bulldog with different types of terriers. These later Bull Terriers were deliberately developed in the 1800's to participate in the violent English blood sports involved in pit fighting. The cross breeding combined the power, high threshold of pain and the tenacity of the Bulldog with the athleticism and agility of the terrier.

The Bull Terrier gained a new nickname of the "Canine Gladiator" due to the dog's ability to fight to the death upon the orders of its master. The Bull Terrier was exported to the United States where its hunting abilities were used to hunt polecats. The Bull Terrier was the ancestor of the Miniature Bull Terrier. The Bull Terrier was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1885.

Bull Terrier History - Oliver Twist and "Bullseye": The most famous Bull Terrier was "Bullseye" the loyal and faithful dog of the villainous Bill Sykes in the novel by Charles Dickens novel 'Oliver Twist' by Charles Dickens.

Bull Terrier History - "Sergeant Stubby": A Bull Terrier called "Sergeant Stubby" was the most decorated American war dog in US history, and served as a military during World War I. "Sergeant Stubby" met three American presidents: Woodrow Wilson, Calvin Coolidge, and Warren G. Harding. A 2018 cartoon movie called "Sgt. Stubby: An American Hero" features the voices of Gerard Depardieu and Helena Bonham Carter.

Bull Terrier Modern History: The modern history of the Bull Terrier moved on, and although the breed is still used as a watchdog and a guard dog, it has become popular as a family dog which although is good natured requires firm handling.

Bull Terrier Height: This breed is classified as a medium sized dog. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is 20 - 24 inches (51 - 61 cm). The height to the shoulder of a female dog is slightly less.

Bull Terrier Weight: The weight of the male in this medium sized dog is 45 - 80 pounds (20 - 36 kg). The weight of the smaller female dog is slightly less than the male.

Bull Terrier Coat Type: The coat type is described as a short, coarse coat.

Bull Terrier Coat Colors: The colors of this dog breed consist of assorted colors consisting of  White, Fawn & White, White & Black Brindle, Brindle & White, Tri-color, Red & White. N.B. The term "Red" refers to reddish shades of orange, brown, and tan colors. Brindle is a brownish or tawny color.

Bull Terrier Grooming - LOW Grooming Needs: The grooming needs of the Bull Terrier are categorized as Low in order to maintain a healthy, tangle-free coat and reduce the risk of skin infections. The limited grooming needs of the Bull Terrier are considered to be low maintenance, requiring limited attention to grooming where brushing and combing, is concerned. Grooming Requirements should include bathing the dog on a monthly basis and making regular inspections of the nails, teeth, eyes and ears.

Bull Terrier Litter Size: The litter size of this dog breed ranges from 1-9 puppies (average 5 pups). Bull Terrier puppies for sale can be obtained reputable breeders and from rescue centers. The cost of Bull Terrier puppies varies depending on location, pedigree history and the dog breeder.

Bull Terrier Temperament and personality: The temperament and personality of this popular dog breed is described as Active, Protective, Courageous, Active and Vigilant.

Bull Terrier Exercise Requirements: The exercise requirements of this breed of dog are moderate. The Bull Terrier requires regular daily exercise consisting of about one hour every day. This medium sized dog has a jaunty, strident gait with strides of a moderate length requiring a steady walking or jogging speed by the owner to meet the dogs exercise requirements. If the dog has more energy than you do, then teach your dog to play ball in a chase and catch game.

Bull Terrier Diet: A fully grown Bull Terrier should be fed twice a day. A diet consisting of a premium dog food can be balanced with fresh food eaten by the family. The question is What Can Dogs Eat?. Check out our comprehensive list of what dogs can and what dogs cannot eat.

Bull Terrier Health Problems: Potential health problems of the Bull Terrier breed include Patellar Luxation, Hereditary zinc deficiency . Resolving health problems can prove to be expensive and it is always wise to obtain pet insurance or dog health insurance when buying a dog. Is the Bull Terrier dog breed said to be Hypoallergenic? Answer: No.

Bull Terrier Lifespan: The life expectancy of dogs vary according to the size, breed of dog and any serious health problems. The typical lifespan of the Bull Terrier breed is 10-12 years.

Bull Terrier Male Dog Names: Male Dog names are most often chosen to reflect favorite names of the owner or the strength, size, coloring and country of origin of the Bull Terrier breed. To give you some inspiration regarding good male Bull Terrier names our small selection might be of help with naming boy dogs. Out top male dog names are: Zeus *** Bruno *** Spike *** Riley *** Oscar *** Jagger *** Scout *** Bullseye *** Winston *** Tucker.

Bull Terrier Female Dog Names: Female Dog names tend to be softer, prettier and reflect the temperament of the girl dog. Our top choice of good female Bull Terrier names are Mara *** Empress *** Misty *** Persis *** Maggie *** Daisy *** Nikki *** Precious *** Juno *** Bella.

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