Due to its characteristics and qualities, the Bearded Collie demonstrated the desired traits of a Watch dog and Farm Dog, herding both sheep and cattle, and is known by its nick name the "Highland Collie". The origin of the Bearded Collie dog breed was in Scotland and the north of England where it was developed in the 1500's.
Bearded Collie Breed Group and Dog Type - Herding Dog Group (AKC:1976): The Bearded Collie is one of the many breeds of dogs that belong to the Herding Dog Group (AKC:1976).
Other names for the Bearded Collie: The Bearded Collie is known by the nickname of the "Highland Collie". Other names for this breed of dog include the Beardie.
Origin of the name: The origin of the name "Bearded Collie" relates to the the long hair that grows on the chin of the dog. The old English word "Collie" derives from the word 'coaly' meaning "coal-black in relation to dogs or sheep with areas of black on the face and legs". The word 'Collie' became synonymous with any type of sheepdog. For additional information about collies refer to the Collie and the Border Collie.
Bearded Collie History and Origin: The country of origin of the Bearded Collie breed was developed in United Kingdom during the 1500's to herd both cattle and sheep. The ancestors of the Bearded Collie were believed to be the Gray Wolf and the and the ancient Peat Dog (Canis familiaris palustris).
The Peat dog bore a striking resemblance to Collies and watched over herds of sheep and cattle since time immemorial across the continents of Asia and Europe. Other ancestors of the Bearded Collie were the herding dogs of the Romans that were cross bred with the Spitz-type dogs who herded reindeer for the Vikings.
The Bearded Collie descended from these ancient dogs and inherited the ability to herd and protect sheep and cattle in the cold, damp climates in Scotland and the north of England over rough and mountainous terrain.
Bearded Collie History - The Polish Connection: In the late 1400s trade agreements were established between Aberdeen and the old Baltic seaport of Danzig. Polish Sheepdogs were introduced into Scotland in 1514 by a Polish merchant called Kazimierz Grabski who had used his Polish Sheepdogs to move the sheep he had traded for grain.
A Scottish shepherd was so impressed with the herding abilities of the Polish Sheepdogs that he traded a ram and two ewes for a dog and two bitches. The Polish Sheepdogs were bred with local Scottish dogs and their litters gave rise to the Bearded Collie. The characteristics of the Bearded Collie with his agility, powerful limbs, deep chest, thick skin and compact build made excellent dogs to herd both cattle and sheep.
Bearded Collie History: In 1707 the Acts of Union were passed joining the kingdoms of Scotland and England. The Bearded Collie was used in the great cattle drives between 1707 to the 1800's when Scottish drovers moved cattle from the North and West Highlands to the markets in England.
During the 1800's Industrialization brought mechanized vehicles to the UK and the Bearded Collie breed fell into a decline. The interest in the Bearded Collie was revived in 1897 when the breed was shown at the Edinburgh dog show. The popularity of the Bearded Collie increased over the years and the gentle Bearded Collie is appreciated as a much loved family pet that is especially suited to rural areas.
Bearded Collie Modern History: The modern history of the Bearded Collie moved on and the breed is now used as a family pet and companion. The Bearded Collie was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in 1976.
Bearded Collie Height: This breed is classified as a medium sized dog. The height to the shoulder of a male dog is 20 - 22 inches (51 - 56 cm). The height to the shoulder of a female dog is slightly less.
Bearded Collie Weight: The weight of the male in this medium sized dog is 40 - 60 pounds (18 - 27 kg). The weight of the smaller female dog is slightly less than the male.
Bearded Collie Coat Type - LOW shedding coat: The coat type is described as a long, shaggy coat.
Bearded Collie Coat Colors: The colors of the Bearded Collie dog breed include black, blue, brown and fawn colors. Blue is used to describe a cool-toned, metallic gray color. In Bearded Collies, "blue" refers to coloration that is black at birth and progressively turns 'blue / gray as the dog gets older.
Bearded Collie Grooming - LOW Grooming Needs: The dog grooming needs of the Bearded Collie are categorized as Low in order to maintain a healthy coat and reduce the risk of skin infections.
The limited dog grooming needs of the Bearded Collie are therefore considered to be low maintenance, requiring limited attention to grooming with casual brushing and combing. Dog Grooming needs should also include bathing the dog on a monthly basis and making regular inspections of the eyes, ears, nails and teeth.
Bearded Collie Litter Size: The litter size of this dog breed ranges from 4-12 puppies. Bearded Collie puppies for sale can be obtained reputable breeders and from rescue centers. The cost of Bearded Collie puppies varies depending on location, pedigree history and the dog breeder.
Bearded Collie Temperament and personality: The temperament and personality of the popular Bearded Collie dog breed is described as Tough, Hardy, Lively, Intelligent and Spirited.
Bearded Collie Exercise Requirements - MODERATE Exercise Requirements: The exercise requirements of this breed of dog are moderate. The Bearded Collie requires regular daily exercise consisting of about one hour every day.
This medium sized dog has a smooth, long, striding gait with strides of a moderate length requiring a steady walking or jogging speed by the owner to meet the dogs exercise requirements. If the dog has more energy than you do, then teach your dog to play ball in a chase and catch game.
Bearded Collie Diet: A fully grown Bearded Collie should be fed twice a day. A diet consisting of a premium dog food can be balanced with fresh food eaten by the family. The question is What Can Dogs Eat?. Check out our comprehensive list of what dogs can and what dogs cannot eat.
Bearded Collie Health Problems: Potential health problems of the Bearded Collie breed include Hip Dysplasia . Resolving health problems can prove to be expensive and it is always wise to obtain pet insurance or dog health insurance when buying a dog. Is the Bearded Collie dog breed said to be Hypoallergenic? Answer: No.
Bearded Collie Lifespan: The life expectancy of dogs vary according to the size, breed of dog and any serious health problems. The typical lifespan of the Bearded Collie breed is 12-14 years.
Bearded Collie Male Dog Names: Male Dog names are most often chosen to reflect favorite names of the owner or the strength, size, coloring and country of origin of the Bearded Collie breed. To give you some inspiration regarding good male Bearded Collie names our small selection might be of help with naming boy dogs. Out top male dog names are: Blade *** Grendel *** Hamlet *** Brink *** Chaos *** Stryker *** Talon *** Damien *** Baruch *** Ben *** Dante.
Bearded Collie Female Dog Names: Female Dog names tend to be softer, prettier and reflect the temperament of the Bearded Collie girl dog. Our top choice of good female Bearded Collie names are Velvet *** Mayze *** Olympas *** Persis *** Mercy *** Misty *** Rain *** Sable *** Willow *** Zima.